Treatments


There are over 100 sleep disorders, making an accurate diagnosis crucial in developing the correct treatment plan.


Sleep Related Breathing Disorder Treatments

Sleep Related
Breathing Disorder Treatments

Positive Airway Pressure (PAP) Therapy
This uses a machine to help maintain the airway open while asleep. There are different types of devices including CPAP, Bilevel, AVAP, and Servo Ventilator.
Sleep Surgery
There are surgical options that focus on increasing the size of the airway. Surgery is less effective than PAP therapy.
Oral Appliances
A device worn in the mouth while sleeping that helps pull the lower jaw forward off the back of the airway. These devices have to be made by a dentist. Oral appliances are more successful in mild to moderate OSA.
Positional therapy
This therapy works to train patients to sleep on their sides. This is most beneficial in mild OSA.  

Insomnia Treatments

Insomnia Treatments

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia (CBTI)
Therapy to help patients change unhelpful thoughts and behaviors that interfere with sleep.
Medications
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved certain medications for the treatment of insomnia called hypnotic medications or sleep medications.

Treatment for shiftwork/circadian rhythm disorders

Treatment for shiftwork/circadian rhythm disorders

Bright Light Therapy
A light therapy used to manage circadian rhythm disorders such as delayed sleep phase syndrome (DSPS), by gradually enabling a shift to normal societal sleeping patterns. Good sleep hygiene is also used in conjunction with this therapy. 

Restless legs syndrome (RLS)

Restless legs syndrome (RLS)

Usually uses a combination of medications, behavioral, and iron replacement to treat RLS.

Treatment for Hypersomnias

Narcolepsy/hypersomnia
A combination of behavioral changes (primarily scheduling nocturnal sleep and naps) and medications are needed to treat Narcolepsy and Idiopathic Hypersomnolence.
Kleine-Levin syndrome (KLS)
There is no specific, definitive treatment to cure or control KLS. Some aspects of the disease can be managed.
Idioptathic hypersomnia
Treatment is based on the symptoms displayed and on a careful analysis of their most probable cause(s).

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